CAWST’s newly launched Latrine Program Implementation workshop provides an overview of the six components of a successful latrine program: stakeholder engagement, demand creation, products and services, finances, capacity development, and monitoring.
Good latrine program design is a key part of achieving safely managed sanitation for everyone (Sustainable Development Goal 6). Unfortunately, we still have a long way to go.
In its latest estimates, the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (2017) found that 892 million people practice open defecation. That’s 12% of the people in the world, reflecting a huge need to increase the coverage and use of latrines.
The JMP 2017 also estimated that another 856 million people (about 12% of the world population) use unimproved sanitation. This means they use a pit latrine without a slab or platform, hanging latrines, or bucket latrines. So there is also a need to improve existing latrines.
On the bright side, there are many implementers (local government, businesses, NGOs) working to ensure that households have and use improved latrines. Their programs, or interventions, vary in approaches and quality. There are some very innovative and integrated approaches that are leading to increased coverage and use of latrines.
However, many programs don’t lead to the intended impact. A recent meta-analysis of sanitation interventions showed that interventions have led to only a 14% increase in coverage. We need to continue to learn and share the successes and failures of latrine programs, to improve future programs and achieve SDG 6.
The good news?
Through knowledge management and training, you can improve the design of your latrine programs! And we’re here to help.
To help you design better latrine programs, we have just launched a new Latrine Program Design workshop. As with all our technical resources, it is open content (licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0)): people can access it anytime, from anywhere in the world.
CAWST’s Latrine Program Design collection contains all the workshop resources you’ll need, both for trainers and for participants:
• Reading Materials – Technical Briefs and Case Studies
• Learning Aids – PowerPoint Presentations, Participant Workbook, Stakeholder Role Cards, Capacity Assessment Role Cards, and Sanitation Posters for different regions and in different languages
• Logistics – Workshop Agenda, Pre-Workshop Questionnaire, Workshop Evaluation Handout, Workshop Certificate Template, and Workshop Outline
This workshop provides latrine program decision makers an overview of the six components of a successful latrine program: stakeholder engagement, demand creation, products and services, finances, capacity development, and monitoring.
You will begin by exploring the need for improved latrine programs, and then you’ll discuss the need for increased coverage and correct, consistent, and continued use of latrines.
Next, you will go through the six components required for a successful latrine program. In each of these modules, you will cover theory, learn from examples, and practice applying new knowledge to your own latrine programs. All modules cover the three key steps of a program framework: analyze, design and develop, and implement and monitor.
After completing this workshop, you will have a greater awareness of factors influencing behaviour change, you’ll be better equipped to support correct, consistent, and continued use of latrines in the communities you serve, and you will be able to:
• Determine the goal of a latrine program
• Select appropriate engagement activities for latrine program stakeholders
• Select appropriate activities to create demand for a latrine program
• Outline ways to strengthen a supply chain for a latrine program
• Recommend a financing plan for a latrine program
• Select appropriate capacity development activities for latrine program stakeholders
• Explain the process of designing a monitoring system for a latrine program
• Design or strengthen a latrine program for your context
Looking for latrine program design technical support?
CAWST provides mentoring and coaching on the use of our education and training resources. Are you implementing latrine programs, and finding yourself stuck along the way? We’d love to hear from you! Please reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
 Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/jmp-2017/en/
 Garn, J. V., Sclar, G. D., Freeman, M. C., Penakalapati, G., Alexander, K. T., Brooks, P., … Clasen, T. F. (2017). The impact of sanitation interventions on latrine coverage and latrine use: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 220 (2 Part B), 329–340. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.10.001
Sterenn Philippe, BSc, MSc is an Education Program Developer on the Research & Learning team at CAWST. She co-leads the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance Working Group 1 (Capabity Development). Passionate about all things fecal sludge management, Sterenn is our non-networked sanitation capacity development specialist. She is fluent in French and English, and was once stranded in the Amazon. On her desk here at CAWST, you will find an inordinate amount of poop emoji stuffies.